Relationship coefficients was in fact very first computed between all the proportions. After that a couple hierarchical linear patterns was indeed did in order to on their own become familiar with the mediating effect of narcissism and you can FNE in the dating between subjective social class and you may dishonesty. For both designs, an effective bootstrap analysis has also been did to examine the significance of one another indirect outcomes.
The newest intercorrelations and you will detailed analytics off personal societal classification, narcissism, FNE, and you can dishonesty get within the Table step 1. We discover a serious positive correlation ranging from personal personal class and you can dishonesty and a critical positive correlation ranging from personal public category and you can narcissism. Although not, the fresh new relationship ranging from personal public classification and you can FNE was not extreme.
A separate-products t-attempt is did to examine potential sex variations in all of the dimensions. Abilities showed that boys advertised higher ratings into narcissism and dishonesty than simply ladies, however, there had been zero gender variations to possess personal public class and FNE (Table 2).
Mediation study regarding narcissism
To examine the mediating effect of narcissism on the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty, three regression analyses were conducted (see Fig 1). In all analyses, gender and age were included as control variables. In step one, subjective social class significantly and positively predicted dishonesty, ? = 0.12, t = 2.40, p = .017; in step two, subjective social class significantly and positively predicted narcissism, ? = 0.25, t = 5.08, p < .001; and in step three, after adding subjective social class and narcissism into the regression, results showed that narcissism still significantly and positively predicted dishonesty, ? = 0.57, t = , p < .001, but the effect of subjective social class on dishonesty was not significant, ? = -0.02, t = -0.48, p = .633. A bootstrap analysis (5,000 bootstrapping samples) found that the indirect effect was 0.11, SE = 0.03, 95% confidence intervals (CI) = [0.05, 0.16]. Because the 95% CI did not include zero, this suggests that the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty was completely mediated by narcissism.
Mediation research from FNE
Although the correlation between subjective social class and FNE was not significant, we also examined the mediating effect of FNE on the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty. As in the previous analysis, subjective social class significantly and positively predicted dishonesty, but not FNE, ? = -0.06, t = -1.27, p = .206. Finally, when both subjective social class and FNE were added into the regression, the predicting effect of FNE was significant, ? = -0.41, t = -8.88, p < .001, and the predicting effect of subjective social class was still significant, ? = 0.09, t = 2.05, p = .041. However, the bootstrap analysis (5,000 bootstrapping samples) found that the indirect effect was 0.02, SE = 0.02, 95% CI = [-0.01, 0.05]. Because the 95% CI included zero, this suggests that the relationship between subjective social class and dishonesty was not mediated by FNE.
Moderating investigation of intercourse
To evaluate the fresh new moderating effect of sex to the relationships ranging from personal societal classification and you can dishonesty, we filed personal personal group, gender, and you will unit off public classification and you can sex to a beneficial linear regression analysis that have dishonesty as based changeable. Efficiency showed that the brand new moderating effect of gender was not extreme, ? = 0.06, t = step one.fifteen, p Dundee local hookup = .251. A comparable studies is performed to look at the brand new moderating effectation of intercourse toward dating ranging from personal personal category and narcissism and you can was still not significant, ? = -0.003, t = -0.06, p = .954.
Based on the efficiency, Theory step 1 is actually served in this participants’ personal personal category undoubtedly forecast their shady inclinations. That it wanting try in line with prior education that measured real dishonest routines for the real life otherwise laboratory items [9, 10]. FNE was counted to examine the latest overlooking bad outcomes theory, and you can narcissism is counted to look at the fresh new mind-focused theory. No matter if each other FNE and narcissism was basically significantly of desire becoming dishonest, i located a serious mediating impact simply for narcissism. That is to say, Theory step 3 together with notice-centered hypothesis was served. Narcissism is one of an indicator regarding notice-notice, and other people with a high narcissism are more inclined to focus on themselves than simply into the others [29, 33, 40]. It is practical to speculate you to definitely high personal societal classification some one be more care about-focused which means they place a whole lot more energy towards getting worry about-welfare. Ergo, individuals with high personal societal classification routine dishonesty when it aids its worry about-hobbies, but not or even. This could describe as to why higher societal classification individuals practice shorter prosocial behaviors and prosocial lies [9, 22]. Since the early in the day degree found that people are far more shady and you may narcissistic than simply ladies [4, 44], it’s possible to argue that intercourse may also account fully for the latest mediating part out-of narcissism from the dating anywhere between personal societal category and you will dishonesty. But not, this reason will likely be omitted predicated on our very own analyses. Although we discover tall sex differences in narcissism and you can dishonesty, the newest sex variations in subjective public classification while the moderating impression out-of gender weren’t significant. For this reason, we think you to sex differences do not deteriorate the thinking-concentrated theory.